Indian Civil Law

What is Indian Civil Law?

In India, Civil laws refer to a set of laws that govern private rights and remedies. These laws primarily deal with disputes between individuals and organizations, such as contracts, property, and torts. They are codified in the Indian Civil Code and are primarily based on the principles of common law and equity. 

Civil cases in India are heard by civil courts, such as the District Court, High Court, and Supreme Court. The procedures and rules for civil cases are governed by the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908. The ultimate aim of civil law in India is to provide justice to the individuals and to settle the disputes through a fair and impartial trial.

Types of Indian Civil Law

The Indian Civil Laws encompass a wide range of laws that regulate private rights and remedies in India. Some of the major laws within the Indian Civil Laws include:

  1. Contract Law: This governs the formation and performance of contracts between parties. It covers issues such as offer and acceptance, consideration, and breach of contract.

  2. Property Law: This deals with the ownership, transfer, and usage of property. It covers issues such as inheritance, property disputes, and tenancy laws.

  3. Tort Law: This deals with wrongs committed against individuals or property. It covers issues such as negligence, defamation, and personal injury.

  4. Family Law: This deals with the legal relationships between family members, including marriage, divorce, adoption, and guardianship.

  5. Consumer Protection Law: This provides protection to consumers against unfair trade practices and provides remedies for consumers who have been wronged by businesses.

  6. Company Law: This deals with the incorporation, governance, and regulation of companies in India.

  7. Environmental Law: This deals with the protection of the environment and the regulation of activities that may cause harm to the environment.

These are some of the major laws within the Indian Civil Laws, but there are many others that deal with various aspects of private law in India.

How can we help?

From our team of lawyers, we can help individuals and organizations in resolving their civil disputes in several ways:

  1. Legal Advice: we provide legal advice to the clients on their rights, responsibilities, and options for resolving the dispute.

  2. Representation in Court: we represent the client in court and handle all legal proceedings on their behalf.

  3. Negotiations: The lawyer can negotiate with the other party to try to reach a settlement outside of court.

  4. Preparation of Legal Documents: we assist in the preparation of legal documents, such as pleadings, motions, and agreements.

  5. Representation in Alternative Dispute Resolution: If the parties agree to use alternative dispute resolution methods such as mediation or arbitration, we can represent the client in these proceedings.

By hiring a competent and experienced Indian Civil Lawyer, individuals and organizations can improve their chances of a successful outcome in their civil dispute and ensure that their rights are protected throughout the process.

Key Areas of Our Service

We provide comprehensive legal services to our clients under litigation of civil laws, Law related to Transfer of Property, Will, Estate, Succession, the law of Recovery including money recovery, recovery of possession, suits related to children, wards, guardianships, letter of administration, estate, Joint property, tenancy, joint tenancy, fixation of rent, eviction procedure, probate, custody, execution, claims, injunctions, rendition of accounts, damages, partitions, etc. before any courts, Tribunals, Commissions, Boards, and other Judicial or Quasi-Judicial Authorities. These services include advising, drafting of pleading and appearing in the courts, filing appeals, revisions, writs, and SLPs. Etc.


Under this chapter we provide the following legal services to our clients, namely:

  1. Suit for recovery of money, estate, property (Movable or immovable), debts, dues, actionable claims, damages, rendition of accounts, etc.
  2. Suit for specific performances of contacts or agreements
  3. Suit for partition of immovable properties
  4. Suit for permanent/mandatory/temporary injunctions
  5. Suit for eviction & Possession
  6. Suit for the declaration
  7. A petition under the Guardian and Wards Act, for custody of the minor
  8. Application for obtaining probate/letter of administration/succession certificate
  9. Suits under Hindu succession and Indian Succession Act
  10. Suit for declaration as lawful guardian/custodian of a minor
  11. Petitions related to election disputes
  12. Petitions for Accident Claims before MACT
  13. Writs petitions before High Courts and Supreme Courts
  14. Revision, Review, Appeal, Special Leave to Appeal, etc. before the Supreme Court
  15. Eviction petition by landlords for the tenanted premises
  16. Protection of tenants from forceful and illegal eviction etc.

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